Commonly referred to as gastric banding surgery, gastric stapling is a type of surgery that may reduce the amount of food that a person can consume. As one of the best surgical options for producing prolong weight loss, the procedure is typically recommended to those who have a body mass index that is greater than 40. A body mass index of 40 is typically representative of women who are 80 pounds overweight and men who are 100 pounds overweight. Frequently performed in only severe cases, gastric stapling is ideal for those who have difficulty losing weight through diet and exercise. This type of weight loss surgery is one of the most common bariatric procedures that are performed in order to attempt to reduce pounds.
In general, restrictive procedures such as gastric stapling pose fewer risks than other types of weight loss treatments. The procedure has been shown to lower blood pressure, reduce blood sugar levels, decrease cholesterol levels, manage sleep apnea, and decrease the workload of the heart.
When performed laparoscopically, gastric stapling requires minimal hospitalization, results in a small amount of scarring, and often provides a quick recovery. After the procedure, patients will be able to consume only about three-quarters to one cup of food. Depending on the surgery, patients may be able to lose a lot of excess body weight.
The exact results from the procedure vary from one patient to the next. Your doctor will be able to give you a better idea of what you can expect from the procedure and what you should look forward to as a realistic goal.
Before undergoing gastric stapling, the doctor will explain the entire procedure to the patient. Patients may be required to sign a consent form that gives the doctor permission to perform the surgery. Throughout the consultation, there will be plenty of opportunities to ask questions and express any thoughts or concerns about the procedure.
The doctor will most likely perform a physical examination to ensure that the patient does not have any serious medical problems that would result in complications during the procedure. In addition, a patient’s medical history will be reviewed carefully. Depending on a patient’s condition, the doctor may perform blood tests and other diagnostic tests.
Patients should notify their doctor of expected pregnancies, current medications and herbal supplements, allergies, and history of bleeding disorders. The doctor may advise patients to discontinue taking medication that may affect blood clotting and continue consuming certain birth control pills. Patients may also be instructed to engage in lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet several weeks before the scheduled surgery.
One day before the surgery, patients should avoid eating and drinking after midnight. Some patients may receive a sedative prior to the procedure to help them relax. Depending on a person’s medical condition, the doctor may recommend other preparations.
The exact way that you will need to prepare for the procedure will depend on your unique situation. Your doctor will provide you with a list of instructions to follow. It is very important to follow these instructions carefully in order to have the safest possible surgery.
There are three types of gastric banding or stapling procedures, including adjustable gastric banding, vertical banded gastroplasty, and vertical sleeve gastrectomy. Many of these procedures can be performed laparoscopically, which involves using small and thin tubes with attached video cameras.
Adjustable gastric banding is a procedure that consists of securing an inflatable band around the upper section of the stomach. Once the band is tightened, a small pouch or new stomach is formed. Vertical banded gastroplasty is a procedure that uses a combination of staples and a band to create the small pouch. Vertical sleeve gastrectomy is a surgery that uses staples to remove a large portion of the stomach. Also known as a sleeve, the remaining portion of the stomach will hold roughly one-quarter cup of liquid.
Following the gastric stapling procedure, most patients will need to stay in the hospital for a few days for observation. When the blood pressure, pulse, and breathing are stable, the patient may be discharged from the hospital. Despite the release from the hospital, some patients may experience a little pain at the surgical area; therefore, a provider may prescribe pain medications. Herbal supplements may also be recommended to replace the nutrients in the digestive tract.
The first day or two after the surgery, patients are usually advised to consume liquids such as clear juice or broth before ingesting thicker liquids like cream soup, milk, or pudding. After successfully consuming these liquids, the doctor will recommend foods like hot cereal and pudding. By the first month of recovery, most patients are able to safely eat solid foods.
There are certain tasks that must be performed to ensure optimal recovery. Once the patient arrives home, they should always properly clean the surgical site and other nearby areas. The doctor will provide patients with specific bathing instructions to help them maintain a clean area.
In addition, engaging in regular physical activity may support successful weight loss and recovery. Attending a support group and emotional counseling may help patients adjust to the body changes. While the gastric stapling may result in weight loss, the procedure alone will not lead to a healthy lifestyle.
It’s also a good idea to implement regular breathing exercises into your daily routine to promote optimal health and wellness. In most cases, you will learn important breathing techniques in the hospital, so just continue improving your breathing during the recovery.
Throughout the essential recovery, many follow-up visits may be required by the primary doctor. These visits are an important part of your recovery, because it helps your doctor know how you are progressing and if any further steps need to be taken.
The exact steps that you will need to take following gastric banding, including your diet, can vary. Be sure to follow the instructions that are provided by your doctor following your procedure.
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